Yes. All Korean men should go to the military about 2years and the type of the military is divided as army, navy, air force, KATUSA(Korean Augmentation Troops to the United States Army), ROTC.
KATUSA-The most preferred military
Normally when the boys get sophomore they go to the military and the most preferred military is KATUSA. This is because when they enter the KATUSA not only can learn English but also working environment is better than other Korea military.
If someone wants to apply the KATUSA they need at least TOEIC 780 or TOEFL 83. Even, there is an English institution for entering KATUSA and some of the classes are called “KATUSA road map” “KATUSA entrance class”. Before it was common for applying 2, 3 times and wait 2,3years to go KATUSA. But recently the law changed for preventing the negative effect like waiting few years and now people can only apply one time.
The way not to go military
2years are quite a long time and many methods are used to escape going military. Especially for celebration, singer, athletics, it is a big abandonment of the income, if they decide to go military when they are in best days. But the problem is Korean men should go military before getting 30 and can’t delay more longer. Some of them used the below way not to go military.
If someone is less than 40kg(88Ib) or more than 120kg(264Ib) can avoid going military. But this weight can be little different depends on the height. There were people who changed the weight and didn’t go military as eating more or eating less.
2. Birth tourism-US citizenship
Birth tourism was and are usually used for avoid going military. Birth tourism is travel to another country for the purpose of giving birth in that country that US is the most preferred for birth tourism. Korea grant citizenship by descent while US grant citizenship by birth that if someone’s parents have Korean citizenship and born in US can have both countries citizenship. However, when someone became 22years, he or she has to select between the two. If Korean men choose US citizenship, he can avoid going military.
3. Tattoo in a body
If there is tattoo more than 70% in a body, they can be except for going military. Because of this reason, normally many gang members didn’t go the military. The reason of the rejection is military is a group life, but the big tattoo can make other solders feel aversion.
4. Extraordinary way
-Disguise as a mental patient as depression, social phobia.
-Cut fingers with straw cutter for evading the military
-dislocate the shoulder for evading the military
-take out testicles and prostate for evading the military
These are the part of the ways which people used. However, if these acts are found for the purpose of evading the military, he has to go to the prison between 1year and 5years.
Thanks for reading.:)